India’s Virdhawal Khade after winning the gold medal in the men’s 200-metre medley in Guwahati on Wednesday. (PTI)

Guwahati, Feb. 10: Age is not on 24-year-old Rio Olympics qualifier Virdhawal Khade’s side. But he is training hard to add to the medal tally.

Khade said he is going through a strategic fitness regime to make his body fit enough to compete in the 50m events in the Olympics.

“I am concentrating more on the 50m relays as I think, with age, my stamina is also decreasing,” the former Asian Games gold medallist said. “I am training very hard to make my body strong enough to face my foreign competitors in the Olympics. I am putting in efforts to swim faster and push my body to the limits instead of increasing my stamina,” he said.

Khade, who was in the frontline of India’s 12th South Asian Games swimming team, was beaten by 19-year-old Sri Lankan ace Mathew Abeysinghe on Sunday in the 50m freestyle at Zakir Hussain Aquatics Complex in Sarusajai Sports Complex here. The national team, however, rode piggyback the underrated P.S. Madhu and 2014 Asian Games bronze medallist Sandeep Sejwal and clinched gold in most of the events.

“I had an advantage as the relay started and I was leading for quite a long time, but I lost focus and finished second,” Khade told The Telegraph.

Khade also partially blames himself for lack of practice before the Games. “I had only been training for the past six to eight months in Mumbai before the Games, but I hope I will be ready for the Olympics,” he said.

At the 2008 Beijing Olympics, Khade was the youngest Indian swimmer in the contingent. Even though he did not qualify for the semi-finals of the 100m freestyle, he did finish first in his heat (heat 3) and set a new personal best of 50.07 seconds, placing himself 42nd overall. In the 2007 National Games here, Khade made a clean sweep of nine gold medals.

By Avishek Sengupta


Guwahati, Feb. 10: Pakistan’s ace tennis player Sarah Mahboob Khan says it’s tough for women in her country to compete at the international level, given the lack of tournaments and sponsors.

“It’s really hard to compete at the top level after playing just six or seven national tournaments in a year in Pakistan. There are hardly any doubles events for women in Pakistan, unlike in India, where you have so many tournaments in a week. Besides, the sponsors back home, too, are not willing to invest in women’s tennis,” Sarah, who turned 25 on Tuesday, told The Telegraph, after losing in straight sets against India in the women’s doubles quarter-finals in the 12th South Asian Games here.

The only player to have won national titles on clay, hardcourt and grass in Pakistan, Sarah says she is fortunate to have her father, Mahboob Khan, as coach.

“We still do not have the required infrastructure for tennis in Pakistan. But the facilities in Islamabad Club that has 10 clay courts are good. But not everyone has access to the club. My father is a member of the club and, therefore, I had the chance to train under him there. It also helps when tennis is in the family,” she said.

“Despite the odds, women in Pakistan play tennis for the love of the sport,” she said.

Sarah also feels that India and Pakistan should often play each other.

“We can achieve peace through sports. It helps lighten the tension….Pakistani people are very peaceful…I’m sure Indian people are too. My mom was born and based in India. I have a lot of relatives here. I love India,” she said.

Sarah, who became the youngest-ever national champion at the age of 14, had come back to Pakistan in May last year after graduating from James Madison University in Virginia (US) where she played for their team for four years.

On being asked whether women in Pakistan take up tennis to get scholarships in the US, she said: “I am sure that’s not the case always. Ever since I was a child, I wanted to become a professional tennis player, play in Grand Slams and become number one. But as you grow older, you set realistic goals. When I was about 20, I realised that the only option to play tennis abroad was to attain a 100 per cent scholarship in the US.

On her American accent, the bubbly girl smiled and said: “Apart from the US, I also lived in Kuwait when I was younger and my father used to teach tennis at the American embassy there.”

“Well, the facilities are incredible here given that Guwahati is not centrally located,” she said on being asked to share her impression of this city.

By Saurav Bora


Erika Maharjan, flanked by sister Elina (left) and sister-in-law Nabita Shrestha, after the sisters-in law bagged the bronze in the women’s doubles table tennis in Shillong on Wednesday. Picture by Keshav Pariat

Shillong, Feb. 10: Athletes in the same team can often feel as close as family.

For the Nepal women’s table tennis players, this is actually true.

Sisters Elina Maharjan and Erika Maharjan and their sister-in-law Nabita Shrestha are a part of the Nepal contingent at the 12th South Asian Games, with Elina and Nabita bagging a bronze in the women’s doubles.

Nineteen-year-old Erika did not get a chance to play, but Elina and Nabita, Nepal’s strongest paddlers, were in action throughout the singles, doubles, mixed doubles and team events, with Erika always present, cheering them on.

With so much time spent away from home representing their country, having family close to you is a great thing, according to the trio.

“We don’t get that much time to play with family, but having them around makes you feel free and reduces the pressure,” Nabita said, while Elina chipped in, “You can enjoy the moment and it is a big support.”

The three live in the same house and earlier, they attended the same school and college.

Nabita, the oldest at 23, is studying for her MBA, while Elina, 21, is doing her BBA. Erika is in her second year of a bachelor in business studies course. “It’s a way of supporting each other,” Nabita, who is married to Elina and Erika’s brother, quipped.

Asked if there were any interests they do not share, Elina said: “It’s somehow all similar.”

Nabita has been representing Nepal in table tennis for the last eight years, while it has been seven years for Elina and four for young Erika.

They trained hard in the three weeks leading to SAG, but have mixed feelings about the results.

“We had hoped for a lot, but got this much (bronze) only. We hoped a lot for the team event but unfortunately, it didn’t go our way,” Nabita said. “I am happy but not satisfied,” she added.

By Keshav Pariat


Guwahati, Feb. 10: A day after the organising committee announced the withdrawal of basketball from the 12th South Asian Games owing to certain organisational constraints, the organisers this evening decided to hold the discipline “unofficially” among the participant countries.

Sources in the Basketball Federation of India (BFI) said it had decided to conduct the discipline as the participating countries were keen on it.

“The tournament will remain unofficial till a litigation in Karnataka High Court is disposed of. The winners or runners-up will not be issued any certificates for the event. However, if the court clears it, they will stand the chance of receiving FIBA (International Basketball Federation) certificates,” the sources said.

Though the SAG organisers had yesterday said because of the FIBA’s organisational issues, the BFI, that is affiliated to the Indian Olympic Association (IOA), was not being recognised.

“It was actually because of Karnataka High Court’s stay order that the discipline was withdrawn. However, the issue will come up for hearing tomorrow and a decision in favour of the Games is expected in all probability. That will make the tournament official,” the BFI sources said.

The FIBA de-recognised the BFI as two factions of office-bearers stake claim to be affiliated to the IOA.

One of the factions has moved Karnataka High Court after the IOA fielded a team for the Games comprising players from both factions of the BFI, leading to a stay by the court, the sources said.

Altogether four men’s teams and five women’s teams will participate in the tournament at Karmabir Nabin Chandra Bordoloi Indoor Stadium at Sarusajai sports complex from tomorrow, the sources said, adding that the Bangladesh men’s team had returned after the event’s withdrawal was decided.

“We had not been technically preparing to hold the event because there was uncertainty. It was bizarre for the participating nations to return even without playing. All the teams had been pressing the organisers to hold the event. It was a relief when we were instructed today to prepare it overnight and we are working towards it,” the sources, who were apparently in a hurry to draw up the fixtures, added.

The withdrawal of the discipline had reduced the Games to a 22-discipline event.

By Imtiaz Ahmed


Tennis mixed doubles winners Divij Sharan and Ankita Raina of India flanked by silver medal winners Sanam Singh and Prarthna Thombre of India (left) and bronze medallists Aisam-ul-Haq Qureshi and Ushna Suhail of Pakistan and Harshana Godamanna and Amritha Muttiah of Sri Lanka in Guwahati on Wednesday. Picture by UB Photos

Guwahati/Shillong, Feb. 10: Hosts India crossed the 100-medal mark in earning gold with an overall tally of 117 gold, 61 silver and 16 bronze medals. Sri Lanka were second with 24 gold, 46 silver and 63 bronze followed by Pakistan with seven gold, 20 silver and 32 bronze in the third place.

India also dominated the tennis courts in the 12th South Asian Games at the All Assam Tennis Association Complex at Chachal here, bagging all the three gold and as many silver medals at stake today.

In-form Ankita Raina of India clinched gold after posting a thumping 6-1, 6-0 victory against teammate Prerna Bhambri in the women’s singles final.

In another all-India match, the duo of Ramkumar Ramanathan and Prasanth Vijay Sunder won gold getting the better of Divij Sharan and Sanam Singh 6-3, 6-4.

In mixed doubles final, also an all-India affair, the pair of Divij and Ankita confronted a fight in the second set after a cakewalk in the first against Sanam Singh and Prarthna Thombre to win 6-2, 7-6 (3).

The Indians have also ensured two more gold medals tomorrow by setting up an all-Indian title clash.

Tomorrow, Saketh Myneni will play Ramkumar Ramanathan in the men’s singles final. In the women’s doubles final, Prarthna Thombre and Sharrmadaa Balu of India will lock horns with Rishika Sunkara and Natasha Palha.

The Indians also swept the squash team event, lifting the men and women’s titles in the round robin league tournament at the R.G. Baruah Sports Complex squash complex in Guwahati. Pakistan finished runners-up in both the events.

The men’s team comprised Saurav Ghoshal, Kush Kumar and Ravi Dikshit and the women’s team consisted of Dipika Pallikal, Joshana Chinappa, Sunayna Kuruvilla and Akanksha Salunkhe.

The Indian domination in the track and field events continued for the second straight day with the hosts bagging nine of the 14 gold medals at stake at the Indira Gandhi Athletic Stadium in Guwahati.

In hockey, India handed a 3-0 defeat to Sri Lanka at the M. Tayebulla Hockey Stadium in Guwahati to set up Friday’s title clash with arch- rival Pakistan, who have been unbeaten so far.

Sri Lankans Matthew Abeysinghe and Kimiko Raheem reigned at the Zakir Hussain Aquatics Complex with Abeysinghe accounting for 10 medals, including seven gold.

He added two gold and a silver to his overnight tally of five gold and one silver.

Kimiko tallied five gold and a silver. The Lankans missed another gold in 4×100 m women’s relay with the team disqualified for a false start by Kimiko’s sister Machiko Raheem. India were declared winners in the event. “We have defeated Indians after 25 years, which is an achievement. We are now focused on the Rio Olympics,” said Abeysinghe.

India bagged five gold medals on the last day today.

In men’s football, hosts India booked a semi-finals berth with a 3-2 victory over the Maldives at SAI sports complex in Guwahati.

In Shillong, 18-year-old Indian shuttler Ruthvika Shivani Gadde pulled off the surprise of the so far, defeating compatriot P.V. Sindhu 21-11, 22-20 in the women’s badminton singles final here today.

Ruthvika blazed through the first game, but Sindhu came back to give her a tougher time in the second. Ultimately, Ruthvika prevailed against the more experienced Sindhu, whose most recent title came at the Malaysian Masters Grand Prix.

In table tennis, the women’s singles table tennis final saw veteran Mouma Das overcome national champion Manika Batra in a gruelling seven-game encounter 4-3 at the Jawaharlal Nehru Indoor Sports Hall in the afternoon.

However, the men’s final ended prematurely after G. Sathiyan had to pull out in the fourth game after an injury to his playing hand. That gave national men’s champion Anthony Amalraj the gold medal.

In shooting at the Sports Shooting Range in Guwahati, hosts India tallied two gold in the 50-metre pistol men’s team event through Omkar Singh, P.N. Prakash and Om Prakash and in the 10metre air rifle women’s team event through Apurvi Chandela, Pooja Ghatkar and Koshy E. Susan.

India also had a very successful day in wushu, with the men and women’s teams bagging top place in taijiquan and taijijian. M. Gyandas Singh grabbed the gold, Nepal’s Hari Prashad Gole took the silver and Md Rahmotullah Kisor of Bangladesh got the bronze.

In the women’s event, L Sanatombi Chanu took the gold, ahead of Sabita Rai (Nepal) and Komal Emmanuel of Pakistan.

In sanshou, India took home six gold medals and one silver. Yumnam Sanathoi Devi, Kesisham Arunpama Devi, Puja Kadian, Uchit Sharma, Surya Bhanu Pratap Singh and Ravi Panchal were India’s gold medal winners.

By Our Bureau


Guwahati, Feb. 10: Does power equal wealth? If you go by the earnings of Indian political parties, the answer to that question seems to be a resounding yes!

A report prepared by the Association for Democratic Reforms and National Election Watch, two umbrella bodies that represent about 1,200 NGOs, has revealed that the income of the Congress and the BJP, the two major political parties of the country, has grown by four and five times respectively between 2004-2005 and 2013-2014. The bodies prepared the report by analysing the income tax returns submitted by the political parties.

It shows that the BJP’s income has grown from Rs 104.12 crore in 2004-05 to Rs 673.81 crore in 2013-14 while the Congress’ income had gone up from Rs 124.93 crore to Rs 598.08 crore during the same period (see chart).

Releasing the report here today, the two organisations expressed serious doubts over the sources of these funds. “There is huge jump in the income and expenditure of political parties. But since there is no standard format to list the sources of income, most parties list them as donations, voluntary contributions and contributions by members to the party fund. But there is serious doubt about the sources of income shown. The All India Trinamool Congress lists Rs 646.9 lakh of its income (16.18 per cent of its total income) from sale of paintings. But they don’t mention when and where the paintings were sold. In the absence of rules to disclose their source of funds, there is every possibility of criminal motif in the process,” the? coordinator of Assam Election Watch, Tasadduk Ariful Hussain, said.

According to the report, four regional parties in the Northeast – the National People’s Party, Hill State People’s Democratic Party, People’s Democratic Alliance and United Democratic Party – have not filed income tax returns for 2010-11 and 2011-12. “Since the IT returns filed by the major political parties have shown their income going up significantly and their sources are not properly disclosed, there is the possibility of the use of money power to influence the voters in Assam Assembly elections too,” Hussain said.

National Election Watch has said it is planning to move the Supreme Court to bring the six major political parties under the ambit of the RTI Act for detailed disclosure of their sources of income. “The Chief Information Commission in 2013 had asked six parties – the Congress, BJP, NCP, CPI, CPM and BSP to appoint public information officers under the RTI Act but they have not implemented it,” Hussain added.



Guwahati, Feb. 10: Chief minister Tarun Gogoi today took a dig at the Narendra Modi government’s development agenda for Assam by asking why a state should need to go to court to seek its dues from the Centre.

Gogoi was responding to Union petroleum minister Dharmendra Pradhan’s statement yesterday that the Assam government could approach the court to recover nearly Rs 10,000 crore of pending oil royalty from PSU firms.

“When I met the Assam chief minister, I asked him to go to the court regarding the royalty issue… but the Assam government is not going to court,” he had told reporters.

Accusing the NDA government of depriving Assam of its dues, Gogoi said the oil royalty issue was another example of this. “What could be more unfortunate than a state government filing a court case against the central government to recover dues?” he asked. He said Pradhan was making lame excuses because the Centre has no intention of releasing the outstanding amount to Assam.

He said since there was no other way, he would have to consider legal options.

Later in the evening, Gogoi issued a statement clarifying that the state mines and mineral department had filed a case in Gauhati High Court seeking higher oil royalty in 2014. “The royalty was sought for crude oil extracted by the Oil and Natural Gas Company (ONGC) and Oil India Limited (OIL) from the state’s oil fields and the case is pending before the court,” the release said.

Gogoi said Union ministers were frequently visiting the state only to play politics by spreading misinformation about the state government.

He also accused the Centre of trying to hijack all the credit for organising the 12th South Asian Games in Guwahati. “There were pictures of Union sports minister Sarbananda Sonowal in all the posters and banners of the Games but not a single picture of Assam sports minister Ajit Singh, who is the co-chairman of the Games organising committee,” Gogoi said. “BJP is saying that there hasn’t been any development in the state… then how come the Games could be held in the state? It is only because our government had developed the sports infrastructure, the Games could be held successfully,” he said.



(From left) BJP leader Himanta Biswa Sarma, BPF leader Chandan Brahma, Union minister for sports Sarbananda Sonowal, BPF chief Hagrama Mohilary and BJP national president Amit Shah wave from the dais during a rally in Kokrajhar on Wednesday. (PTI)

Kokrajhar/Nagaon, Feb. 10: With Assam Assembly polls around the corner, BJP national president Amit Shah today pushed influx to the foreground, promising to protect jobs for local youths from illegal Bangladeshis.

He also said the BJP would share seats with the Bodoland People’s Front and promised more than Rs 1,000 crore for development of the BTAD.

Addressing a huge gathering at the Bodoland Territorial Council secretariat ground in Kokrajhar town, Shah said, “The infiltrators are snatching jobs and facilities from the locals. If the BJP and BPF come to power, we will ensure that not a single illegal Bangladeshi snatches the rights of Assamese youths.”

He accused the Congress government of playing vote bank politics and harbouring illegal migrants from across the border in the state. He said the BJP had accelerated the process of detection of illegal Bangladeshis since coming to power at the Centre and pledged to ensure that no fresh infiltration takes place if the party is voted to power in the Assembly polls.

“We will ensure not a single Bangladesh enters Assam,” he said.

He also spoke on the issue later in the day in Nagaon. He said his party had taken up the matter of influx with Bangladesh and infiltration could be stopped permanently once the border fencing was completed in 2017.

Shah’s promises, however, had few takers.

“The BJP had promised to solve the problem of infiltration in the state if it came to power at the Centre. But instead of fulfilling the promises, the party took U-turns on many of its assurances, including the land-swap deal with Bangladesh. It was against the deal before the parliamentary election but later signed it. It is hard to believe political parties. They say one thing before elections and do another after winning,” a college teacher in Kokrajhar said.

A local youth said the BJP wanted to grant Indian citizenships to religious minorities from Bangladesh living in this country, which was illegal and against the interest of the indigenous people of Assam who are becoming minorities in their own land. “Words sound good before any election but does anyone remember them after elections are over?” he asked.

Earlier, Shah, who arrived at Kokrajhar from Guwahati by helicopter at 11.30am, attended a party meeting at the BTC Assembly. Accompanied by Union minister for sports and youth affairs Sarbananda Sonowal, who is the BJP’s chief ministerial candidate for Assam, BJP MP from Assam Bijoya Chakravarty and Himanta Biswa Sarma, organiser in the party’s state election management committee, he held a closed-door meeting with senior party functionaries from the four BTAD districts of Kokrajhar, Baksa, Chirang and Udalguri.

The BJP’s Kokrajhar district president Sibnath Brahma said the meeting discussed party’s prospects in the Assembly election this year. Shah said in the meeting that the BJP would share seats with the BPF in the BTAD.

Shah arrived at the adjacent secretariat ground to attend the Bodoland Day celebrations as chief guest around 12.30pm. The function marked 14 years of BTC Accord.

Shah said the Centre was committed to development of “Assam and Bodoland”. He said uniform development in the country was an important aspect of the Narendra Modi-led NDA government. “Bodoland region must be developed on a par with other developed states. Development of the country cannot happen if one part lags behind. There must be equal development.”

On the demand for a special Rs 1,000-crore package for the Bodoland Territorial Areas District (BTAD) by BPF chief Hagrama Mohilary, who is also the BTC chief executive member, Shah said, “You have asked for Rs 1,000 crore but the Centre will give you more than that for the development of this part of the region.”

He termed the BTC Accord signed between the Centre, the Assam government and the Bodo Liberation Tigers (BLT) in 2003 a “success” as it had brought “peace and development in the region”. He said the BJP and BPF fighting the election together would be historic for both “Assam and the Bodoland region”.

Mohilary announced development projects, including free houses to the poor, financial aid to private and venture educational institutions, construction of bridges and steps to halt erosion.

Award-winning writers and sportspersons, who have brought laurels to the BTAD, were felicitated at the function. The Promod Chandra Brahma Literary Award and Nileswar Brahma Cultural Award, instituted by the BTC administration, were presented to Kameswar Brahma and Barlangfa Narzary respectively.

Shah left Kokrajhar at 1.30pm and arrived at Nagaon around 2.30pm.

He addressed a huge gathering of party workers from Nagaon, Morigaon, Koliabor, West Sonitpur and Hojai at Dauson higher secondary playground in Nagaon town.

He slammed the Congress government, saying Assam had regressed in the last 15 years of Congress rule. He reiterated his party’s charges of corruption and misrule against the Tarun Gogoi-led Congress government and asked party workers to work harder to bring the BJP to power. He alleged that the Congress had misutilised funds and claimed that its leaders were draining a lion’s share of these funds.

“In the name of development, Tarun Gogoi took the initiative to drain out the money from central government to the houses of his cabinet colleagues. Our plan is to build a Congress-free India and for this (BJP) workers might work harder,” Shah said.

This is Shah’s maiden visit to Nagaon. He left for Guwahati at 3.30pm. He left for Delhi in the evening after a party meeting at the LGBI Airport.

By Our Bureau


Guwahati, Feb. 10: The Northeast got its first supercomputer, set up at Assam Engineering College here today.

Assam chief minister Tarun Gogoi inaugurated the C-DAC & AEC Param Supercomputing Facility, a joint collaboration of the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing and the college.

The facility, set up at around Rs 60 lakh, will house the latest offering from C-DAC’s labs, Param Shavak, which is in tabletop form (four in number) and considered one of the world’s most compact supercomputers.

C-DAC is the premier research and development organisation of the Centre’s department of electronics and information technology for carrying out research and development in IT, electronics and associated areas.

The supercomputing facility will begin operations with four units of the Param Shavak supercomputing system. Supercomputing experts from C-DAC had earlier visited the college to deliver and deploy the system. The system is meant for research organisations and academic institutions that are on the verge of adopting high-performing computing culture.

Param Shavak is specially designed to provide computational resource with advanced technologies to perform high-end computations for scientific, engineering and academic programmes to address and catalyse research, using modelling, simulation and data analysis. This initiative is expected to create a high-performing computing-aware skilled workforce and promote research by integrating leading-edge emerging technologies at the grassroots level.

C-DAC director-general Rajat Moona said supercomputing today has become the new paradigm for growth and development across the world. “We have always realised that the supercomputing scenario requires a uniform ecosystem that fosters growth both on the systems and the users simultaneously. Only then can India’s roadmap for supercomputing enter a more comprehensive state of realisation.”

Moona said with the progress of technology, supercomputing, which had earlier been an elite technology, is now readily available for the common user, thereby multiplying its potential benefits without the high cost of investments that plagued its reach earlier.

“Param Shavak is an offspring of this thought process. It is our answer to break through the elitist tag of supercomputing. We believe that every technical institute that believes in progressive education will surely see the return of investment on these systems, and thereby partner with us in tapping their own potential for creating the perfect ecosystem.”

C-DAC executive director Hemant Darbari said they were proud to be a partner with Assam Engineering College, which has produced many pioneers in several branches of engineering and technology. “We are happy that the college has chosen to raise the bar for technical education in the state by introducing supercomputing in their curriculum,” he said. Moona said five more supercomputers are in the pipeline in the region at the NITs in Agartala, Silchar, Sikkim and Manipur, as well as IIT Guwahati.

Atul Bora, director of technical education, Assam, and college principal, said the supercomputer’s resources would be available for Jorhat Engineering College, Jorhat Institute of Science and Technology and Bineswar Brahma Engineering College. He said the government has allocated Rs 34 lakh for this purpose.



Guwahati had 300 tanks during British rule

Ajit Patowary


GUWAHATI, Feb 11 – When the British colonialists occupied Assam, there were around 300 tanks in Guwahati (Gauhati) and North Guwahati (North Gauhati), which were a single entity till 1893, said noted writer Kumudeswar Hazarika while talking to this correspondent.

The waters of these tanks were used by the residents of Guwahati and North Guwahati as potable water. But the Britishers found the waters of those tanks unhygienic and hence unfit for drinking. Most of those tanks were then eliminated through earth filling.

When Guwahati was separated from North Guwahati as a separate entity in 1893, many of the Guwahati tanks were filled up with earth. Only the Dighalipukhuri, Jorpukhuri (erstwhile Ugratara Mandir Pukhuri), Silpukhuri (erstwhile Na-Konia Pukhuri), Nagpota (or Nagkota) Pukhuri, Paltan Pukhuri, Kamarpatty Pukhuri, Padum Pukhuri at Karnachal, Majinder Pukhuri (also known as Panbazar Padum Pukhuri) located in front of the present SP Bungalow and the Padum Pukhuri at the Uzanbazar Oriya Basti survived.

The Dighalipukhuri, which has an elongated shape, was earlier connected with the Brahmaputra on the north and Solabeel on the south. The channels linking it with the Brahmaputra and Solabeel were filled up to make room for the Guwahati Railway Station, Rail Colony etc., on the south and for the Circuit House and the European Club (now the old campus of the Gauhati High Court) etc., on the north.

The Jorpukhuri was dug during the reign of Swargadeo Siva Singha in 1720 AD for the benefit of the priest and pilgrims of the Ugratara Temple, which too was built by him.